The Trump administration on Wednesday began sending back to Guatemala migrants seeking refuge on the southern border, the first migrants returned under a series of agreements negotiated earlier this year that almost prevent Central Americans from seeking asylum in the United States. Trump announced in July that the United States had reached an agreement with Guatemala on safe third-country nationals, while it still needed to be ratified by the Guatemalan government. As part of the agreement, the United States proposed to expand and streamline the temporary H-2A agricultural visa program for Guatemalan citizens and promised to boost what Trump called a “new era of investment and growth.” However, the asylum officers did not inform the transfers in writing that they should raise the issue of fear of a return to Guatemala.  14 refugees International takers interviewed, held in early February in a CBP tent in Donna, Texas, said they had never received that tear. They received only three documents – a message and an expedited deletion order (Form I-860), a message to Alien Ordered Ordered Removed/Departure Verification (form I-296) and a press release reviewing the threshold assessment for the review of the threshold for asylum cooperation between the United States and Guatemala between the United States and Guatemala. The threshold screening communication simply states that “you were interviewed by a DHS asylum official,” who stated that “you are a convert to Guatemala under the U.S. Asylum Cooperation Agreement to review your asylum application or any other protection claim.” Without access to a lawyer or English translation to explain this, it is not surprising that all international refugees interviewed felt that they could apply for Guatemalan asylum in the United States. On Thursday, a man named Jorge, 35, landed his wife and two daughters, aged 11 and 15. A day later, they were crammed into the Casa del Migrante, an animal shelter in Guatemala City, where government officials took them on a bus.
They had received the papers with 72 hours` notice to leave Guatemala, and they could not know what to do. The report was written by Yael Schacher, senior Advocate, and Rachel Schmidtke, a lawyer, as well as Refugees International, and Ariana Sawyer, a U.S. border specialist in the U.S. program at Human Rights Watch. The report was published by Hardin Lang, vice president of programs at Refugees International, and Bill Frelick, director of Human Rights Watch`s refugee and migrant rights department. Eric Schwartz, president of Refugees International, reviewed the report. Human Rights Watch The report`s critics were Grace Meng, Principal Investigator, U.S. Program; Tamara Taraciuk Broner, Deputy Director of the Department of the Americas; Michael Bochenek, Senior Counsel, Children`s Rights Division, Amanda Klasing, Co-Commissioner, Women`s Rights Division, Neela Ghoshal, Senior Researcher, LGBT Rights Division, Joseph Saunders, Deputy Program Director, Maria McFarland Sénchez-Moreno, Senior Legal Advisor, and Aisling Reidy, Senior Legal Advisor.