Some contracts are not coordinated in warehouses managed by the creditor. In BMI practice, the place of storage depends on the agreement between the lender and the debtor. The first option is that the stocks are both at the customer`s and at the supplier`s. For the supplier, this serves as a protection against short delivery cycles or uns synchronized production cycles.  On the other hand, this provision may also result in higher storage costs, as the material must be stored, tracked and processed, and may be aged.  The lender verifies the information received by the lender and the search for a contract is based on the existing agreement between the lender and the debtor. Coming closer from a practical point of view, this document identifies the key issues that need to be addressed in the agreement in order to meet the needs of both parties and to ensure mutual benefits. The ownership of the inventory relates to the ownership of the inventory and when the invoice is issued to the retailer. There are a number of solutions for payment and transfer of ownership in the credit warehouse.  Check contracts with a single retailer and supplier in the recruitment of Newsvendors.
The paper examines the coordination of a supply chain when the inventory is managed by the supplier (VMI). We also offer a general mathematical framework that can be used to analyze contracts for both the inventory managed by Demorsor (RMI) and vmI. Based on a simple Newsvendor scenario with a single supplier and distributor, we examine five popular coordinating supply chain contracts: buyback, volume flexibility, volume discounts, sales discounts and revenue-sharing contracts. We analyze the ability of these contracts to coordinate the supply chain under VMI when the supplier freely decides on the quantity. We find that, although they all coordinate under RMI, volume flexibility and sales discount contracts in general do not coordinate with VMI. In addition, buy-back and revenue-shared contracts are equivalent. That is why we are proposing two new coordinated contracts under VMI (one of which also coordinates under the RMI, provided a known acceptance applies). Finally, we are expanding our analysis to take into account several independent distributors, the supplier being responsible for linear or convex production costs, and we show that our results are qualitatively unchanged.
Vendor-Managed Inventory (VMI) is an inventory management practice in which a supplier of goods, usually the manufacturer, is responsible for optimizing a distributor`s inventory. As part of traditional inventory management, a retailer (sometimes called a buyer) makes its own decisions about the size of the order, while the VMI retailer shares its inventory data with a distributor (sometimes called a supplier), so that the seller is the decision maker who determines the size of the order for both. Thus, the seller is responsible for the distributor`s ordering fee, while the merchant must pay his own holding costs. This directive can prevent the storage of unwanted stocks and thereby lead to a general reduction in costs. In addition, the Bullwhip effect is also reduced by the use of the VMI approach in buyer-supplier cooperation.  Because supply frequencies play an important role in integrated stock models to reduce the total costs of supply chains that, in many studies, are not modelled into mathematical problems.  The second class is a multi-level VMI mathematics model, z.B. a multi-retail VMI model (SM-SV-MR).  These studies cannot model the refuelling frequencies here.
Because refuelling frequencies play an important role in integrated stock models to reduce the total cost of supply chains that, in many studies, are not modelled into mathematical problems. This relates to the type of demand information that is shared by customers to help suppliers control their inventory. Many types of needs information are shared under the VMI program.